Eczema- Types, Causes And Symptoms

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 07/12/2019 - 06:22
Have you noticed or heard about patches of skin becomes red, inflamed, itchy, cracked or rough?

Have you noticed or heard about patches of skin becomes red, inflamed, itchy, cracked or rough?  Sound familiar right? Such a condition is known as eczema.

What exactly is eczema?

Eczema is a common skin condition that affects over 50% population around the world. In general, eczema can affect the skin by causing:

- Dark colored patches

- Rough, scaly, or leathery patches

- Swelling

- Crusting and oozing

Eczema is not contagious, which means that a person cannot catch it or pass it onto another person. There are many different types of eczema you'll learn in this article. So, what are some facts about eczema? Who get it? And what are the circumstances that provoke eczema? In this article, you'll have all your answers handy. If you are already familiar with eczema and seeking for eczema specialist London, browse London dermatology.

 

In this article, we will see seven different types of eczema.

1. Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis usually happens when our immune system and the skin barrier is not strong against the elements. That means our natural skin is weakened and is not able to protect the skin from irritants and allergens. Atopic dermatitis is a common group of eczema caused by factors combining:

-genes

-dry skin

-an immune system problem

-triggers in the environment

 

2. Contact dermatitis

As the name says, this type of eczema is caused when the skin comes in contact with a particular substance. Like, if we have a red, irritated skin that is caused by the reaction due to in contact with an allergic substance, then it is called contact dermatitis.  They further form two different types: allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis.

- allergic contact dermatitis: it is a type of eczema that occurs when the immune system reaction to an irritant like latex or metal

- irritant contact dermatitis: it starts when any chemical or other substance irritates our natural skin.

Causes: The most common causes of contact dermatitis are- detergents, bleach, jewelry, latex, nickel amongst many.

 

3. Dyshidrotic eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema is more common in women than in men. They occur because of exposure to an allergen. They occur on hand and feet causing itchy blisters.

 Dyshidrotic eczema can be due to factors like:

-allergies

-damp hands and feet

-stress

 

4. Hand eczema

This type of eczema affects only on hands. Such eczema may take place if an individual is connected with jobs like hairdressing or cleaning, where the skin is in regular touch with the chemical substance and irritates the natural skin.

Causes: They are more likely for people who have job work that expose them to irritants. They are caused by a combination of genes, irritants and/or allergens.

 

5. Neurodermatitis

They are similar like atopic dermatitis. It causes thick, scaly patches to pop up on our skin.

Causes: They generally take birth from the people who have other types of eczema or psoriasis.

 

6. Nummular eczema/discoid eczema/nummular dermatitis

The word "nummular" means coin in Latin. These type of eczema causes round, coin-shaped spots on the skin. They look way too different than other eczema and can itch a lot.

Causes: Nummular eczema is typically caused by a reaction to an insect bite or by an allergy reaction to metal or chemicals. They are even caused due to dry skin.

 

7. Stasis dermatitis

They occur due to poor circulation to the legs causing the veins to swell and leak fluid. The fluid further causes the skin to itch and redness.

Causes: Such type of eczema mostly occurs to the people who have blood flow problems in their lower legs.

 

Conclusion

If you notice your skin have any such symptoms, do not wait until the problem get wider and immediately contact the skin doctor. Skin is our largest organ of the body and the skin problems can make us feel the worst pain. They are not to be avoided and need an eye just like other health issues. If you have any skin concerns and looking for the profession skin specialist in London, take a look at London Dermatology who will have you with all your skin concerns with immense care.

 

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